Henry Moore (1898–1986) was one of the most important British artists of the twentieth century, and arguably the most internationally celebrated sculptor of his time. He is renowned for his semi-abstract monumental bronzes, which can be seen all over the world. Moore was born in 1898 in Castleford, a small Yorkshire mining town – and the home of Burberry’s trench coat factory. After training to be a teacher and serving in the British Army, he studied at Leeds School of Art and then the Royal College of Art, London. By the 1950s, Moore had begun to receive a number of international commissions. He continued working in sculpture, drawing, printmaking and textile design until his death in 1986. Moore was a pioneer, and the first British artist to become a global star in his own lifetime. His work came to symbolise post-war modernism and can be said to have caused a British sculptural renaissance.